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Melanoma Statistics at a Glance:

In 2007, the most commonly reported cancers were:

1) Prostate cancer (19,403 cases)
2) Bowel cancer (14,234 cases)
3) Breast cancer (12,670 cases)
4) Melanoma of the skin (10,342 cases)
5) Lung cancer (9,703 cases)

[These 5 cancer account for over half (61%) of the reportable cancers in 2007.]

Excluding basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, the most common cancers for men in 2007 were:

1) Prostate cancer (19,403 cases)
2) Bowel cancer (7,804 cases)
3) Melanoma (5,980 cases)
4) Lung (5,948 cases)
5) Lymphomoid (4,116 cases)

All these 5 cancers account for nearly three-quarters (70%) of all new cancers in males.[1]

The most common cancers for women in 2007 were:

1) Breast (12,567 cases)
2) Bowel cancer (6,430 cases)
3) Melanoma (4,362 cases)
4) Lung (3,755 cases)
5) Lymphomoid (3,160 cases)

All these 5 cancers account for two-thirds (65%) of all new cancers reported in 2007.[1]

Trends:

Between 1982 – 2007 cancer incidence rates increased for most of the common cancers including:

  • melanoma
  • non-Hodgkins lymphoma
  • Liver cancer
  • Mesothelioma

Melanoma incidence has increased in both males and females since 1982.[1]

For males the incidence rate has more than doubled over the 26 year period from 27 per 100,000 to 57 per 100,000.

For females the incidence rate has increased by 47% from 26 per 100,000 to 38 per 100,000. [1]

Incidence of Melanoma in Young Persons

1) In persons aged 15-44 melanoma and breast cancer are the most common cancers. 1
2) Melanoma is the most common cancer in persons aged 15-24. [2]
3) Cases of melanoma by age:

Age % of cases
< 35 9.90
35 – 54 31.70
55 – 74 38.30
> 75 20.10

Cost of Melanoma:

1) The medical cost of treating melanoma during the 2001 financial year is estimated at 30 million dollars2
2) The social and other costs of melanoma on the community such as loss of wages, disruption to family life, and reliance of persons on other community services is not measurable and extremely large.2


1
 AIHW 2010. Cancer in Australia 2010: anoverview. Cancer series no. 60. Cat. no. CAN 56. Canberra: p23-29
2 The Australian Government (2007) Skin cancer website www.australia.gov.au/skincancer. accessed Nov 2006.
3 The Cancer Council Australia ( Summer 2006-2007) SUN Protection media information Kit.

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